August 25, 2010

Book Review: A Tree Grows in Brooklyn by Betty Smith



When A Tree Grows in Brooklyn was originally published in 1943, it was a huge success, and Betty Smith's book became an instant classic. It is about several years in the life of the Nolan family in the early 20th century and it is mostly about the coming-of-age of the main character, Francie Nolan. It is that rare novel that can be enjoyed by both teenagers and adults.

This book very definitely has its own style, I think partly because it was written as a memoir and changed into a novel. Smith obviously poured her heart into this book. Her other novels are charming, but they don't have the depth of this book. Because Smith could fictionalize apparently real people, she could flesh out the characters until they seem like real people, not characters in a novel. Sometimes even minor characters are given thoughts and feelings, as how they relate to the main characters in the book.

A strong point of the novel is its sense of place. Smith even describes in detail the neighborhood. the neighbors and everyday life until you feel are actually in the Brooklyn of 100 years ago. The novel opens by describing Brooklyn in 1912:

Serene was a word you could put to Brooklyn, New York. Especially in the summer of 1912. Somber, as a word, was better. But it did not apply to Williamsburg, Brooklyn. Prairie was lovely and Shenandoah had a beautiful sound, but you couldn't fit those words into Brooklyn. Serene was the only word for it; especially on a Saturday afternoon in the summer.

The women are the stronger people in the book. Many of the male characters are weak-willed, while the women persevere. Francie Nolan, the main character, is the daughter of Johnny and Katie Nolan and the sister of Neeley. Francie is a fully-realized character. Francie is a strong person, who you know will do well in life.

Katie, the mother, is very hard-working. She cleans apartment buildings for a living. She is scrubbing floors when she is an advanced state of pregnancy. Katie refuses anything that smacks of "charity." One wonders what she would think of Section 8, food stamps, free school lunches, and WIC. Sometimes there is no food in the house, and the children go hungry.

Johnny Nolan, the father, is a singing waiter, but has no steady job. He mostly works at one-shot jobs like weddings and parties. Johnny is an alcoholic. There was little understanding or treatment of alcoholism when Smith wrote the book. We now know that alcoholism is a disease, with both powerful psychological as well as physical components. So even though Johnny is lovable, and really loves his children, he is perceived as weak and a loser. Johnny comes from a long line of alcoholics; perhaps his problems were at least partially due to a genetic disposition toward the disease.

Francie senses that her mother loves Neeley more by her actions, but she eventually comes to peace with it. This does not mean that her mother doesn't love her, of course she does. It is partly because Neeley is reminiscent of the father and Katie does not want him to turn out the same way. Francie is like her mother in that she is strong and smart, but she has also inherited her father's creative ability and his dreaminess. One of the main differences between Francie and her father is that Francie takes action, and Katie admires that. Francie works hard at school and at her various jobs, and in improving upon her hardscrabble beginnings.

The novel does have flaws. Some of the psychoanalyzing and character analysis is quite dated. Women are thwarted by "starved love instincts." However, I find the book to be mostly very strong, especially about the characterization of Francie. She is a completely realized character. You feel as if you know her. The book takes her from an eleven-year-old child to a young woman about to leave Brooklyn and start new adventures. Even though she is going far away, she will never really leave Brooklyn behind:

She might get rid of her Brooklyn accent that way. But Francie didn't want to get rid of it any more than she wanted to get rid of her name. It meant that she belonged some place. She was a Brooklyn girl with a Brooklyn name and a Brooklyn accent. She didn't want to change into a bit of this and a bit of that.

You just wish that there had been a sequel.

Disclosure: I purchased this book.

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12 comments:

  1. Hi!! It's great to have you at Coffee N Crackers. Thanks for your comment.

    This book sounds intriguing. I always love to read about family relationship. I makes me feel like home and closer to my family.I aslo love to learn about people's characters which I think very interesting to be studied. =)

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  2. @cj'alhafiz -- It's a great novel and an American classic. You understand how the various family members relate to each other.

    Thanks so much for commenting and following!

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  3. This is one of my favorites. I loved it ever since I read it when I was a senior in high school. I was surprised that my teacher was able to have a really good book as required reading.

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  4. Thanks for reviewing this one- many people forget these modern classics! I remembered spotting it in my high school library but never picked it up. It's buried in my TBR list but I may try to bump it up near the top :o)

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  5. OK, so I did not read your whole post because I am actually reading this right now! It was requested by one of my readers, so I am about halfway through it as we speak!

    And, I love the new look :)

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  6. I never had the pleasure of reading this book, but I jumped at the chance to read your review because this is my mom's favorite book - she always talked about it when I was growing up!

    From your review, I can see why she loved it. It must have had quite an influence on her, because I could see a lot of "her" when I was reading the description!

    Thanks for sharing! I look forward to exploring your site and invite you to join me at Create With Joy!

    Hugs
    Ramona
    http://create-with-joy.blogspot.com

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  7. @Jillian -- It's a wonderful novel. LOL at the teacher comment! I remember the kids in my freshman year in high school not loving any of the required books until they read The Outsiders by S.E. Hinton. I loved everything we read except for Lord of the Flies.

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  8. Teacher/Learner -- I'm sure you will enjoy it. It's a long novel but it's so good that you'll read it quickly.

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  9. @Gina -- It's good, isn't it?

    Thanks for loving the new look! I've been changing the templates and look of this blog constantly but am very pleased with this one.:) I'm sticking with it!

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  10. @Ramona -- It's a lovely novel. I don't know why it didn't win the Pulitzer Prize.

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  11. OK, I finished it and I loved it. You're right, I totally wish there was a sequel. Although, I "get" that this is where Francie is done; the tree "grew" in Brooklyn, and the story is over in that regard. But still...

    I also loved the varying strengths of the female characters: some had resolve, some had humor, some had intelligence, yet they all were noble in their own way.

    Loved it, and loved your review! :_)

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  12. @Gina -- Yes, the women in the book are tough and gritty survivors. The mother so deserves her happiness at the end of the book -- someone strong and stable to be with her.

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